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What is the history of artichoke?

What is the history of artichoke?

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Artichoke output in 2005
Artichokes are considered one of the world’s oldest foods. They are native to the Mediterranean area and are a member of the sunflower family. The ancestor of the artichoke is the North African thistle, which still grows in the wild today. 

Artichokes became first harvested by people in the Middle East!

Artichoke farming has a long history, dating back to ancient Greece and Rome, where it was considered a delicacy and a symbol of fertility and prosperity. However, today, artichokes are grown in many countries around the world, with the majority of commercial production taking place in the United States, Italy, Spain, and France.

In the United States, artichokes become primarily grown in California, where the mild climate and fertile soil provide ideal growing conditions.

The first commercial artichoke farm in California became established in the 1920s. Furthermore, today, the state produces over 99% of the artichokes grown in the US. The peak season for artichokes in California is from March to May, with smaller crops produced in the fall.

Artichoke farming becomes typically done using traditional methods.

With plants grown from seedlings and transplanted into fields. The plants require well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight, and they can take up to 18 months to reach maturity. Once mature, the plants produce large, thistle-like flowers. Furthermore, must become harvested before they fully bloom. The edible portion of the artichoke, the fleshy base of the flower, goes by the name: the “heart.” Surrounded by the “meat” of the leaves. After blooming, the edible aspect of artichokes disappears.

Artichokes are a popular vegetable in many cuisines around the world, prized for their unique flavor and nutritional benefits. High in fiber, antioxidants, and vitamins C and K! In addition, have become linked to a variety of health benefits. Moreover, including improved digestion, lower cholesterol levels, and reduced risk of heart disease.

In recent years, there has been growing interest in the use of artichokes for medicinal purposes, particularly in the treatment of liver and digestive disorders. As a result, leading to the development of a variety of artichoke-based supplements and extracts. Which became sold in health food stores and online.

Overall, artichoke farming remains an important industry!

Providing a valuable source of income for farmers and a nutritious and delicious vegetable for consumers around the world.

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What is the history of artichoke?