Sand Creek Massacre

Sand Creek Massacre The notorious Sand Creek Massacre took place on November 29, 1864 in southeastern Colorado.

A group of several hundred Southern Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians led by Chief Black Kettke were attacked. While camping peacefully under both an American and white flag. With assurances from Colorado authorities that they would be safe there.

1864 had seen open warfare between Native warriors and American settlers in Colorado Territory. Black Kettle’s group was not involved.

On the morning of November 29th, the encampment was attacked. 700 members of the 1st and 3rd Colorado Cavalry. Led by Colonel John Chivington, a former Methodist minister (and oddly, an Abolitionist.) They proceeded to murder hundreds of Indians, mostly women and children.

Their bodies were subsequently scalped. In addition, mutilated (including sexual mutilations.) These “trophies” were later on exhibit in a Denver theater.

Two officers refused to participate. One of them, Captain Silas Soule, gave testimony against Chivington. At a Congressional hearing in Denver about the massacre. As a result was murdered for it.

Black Kettle survived the Sand Creek Massacre. Moreover, only to be killed four years later. When George A. Custer attacked his peaceful village on the Washita River, in Oklahoma.

In conclusion, this is another example of the American nation taking advantage unfortunately, of the Native American people. However, let’s not forget this is how human beings have existed all over the world throughout human history.

Lastly, we make such a large event out of Custer’s massive loss at Little Big Horn, but that was such a rare occurence for our military.

A fictional telling of this event included in James Michener’s classic novel, “Centennial.”

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Sand Creek Massacre

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