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Is Johns Hopkins an Ivy League?

Is Johns Hopkins an Ivy League?

Yes Johns Hopkins is at the Ivy League level however not a member of the actual “League” per se.

Johns Hopkins University's Academic Seal.svg
This is the logo for Johns Hopkins University.

Johns Hopkins University is a private research university located in Baltimore, Maryland. Although it is not part of the Ivy League, it is often compared to these institutions due to its academic rigor and research excellence. Additionally, it is often mentioned in the same breath as other top STEM-focused institutions such as Cal Tech, MIT, and Carnegie Mellon.

While the Ivy League is a group of eight highly-selective universities located in the northeastern United States, Johns Hopkins University is located in the Mid-Atlantic region and is not a member of this group. However, it is considered one of the top universities in the country and consistently ranks highly in various college rankings, including U.S. News & World Report.

Johns Hopkins University logo.svg
This is the logo for Johns Hopkins University.
Johns Hopkins

Johns Hopkins University is particularly renowned for its programs in the natural sciences, including biology, chemistry, and physics. The university has a strong focus on research and is home to several world-class research facilities, including the Johns Hopkins Hospital, which is consistently ranked among the best hospitals in the country. In addition to its strengths in the natural sciences, Johns Hopkins University also has strong programs in the social sciences, humanities, and engineering.

Johns Hopkins Hospital

Cal Tech, MIT, and Carnegie Mellon are also highly-regarded institutions known for their academic rigor and research excellence. Cal Tech is a small private university located in Pasadena, California that specializes in science and engineering. MIT is located in Cambridge, Massachusetts and is known for its strengths in engineering, computer science, and technology. Carnegie Mellon is located in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and is renowned for its programs in computer science, engineering, and the arts.

Johns Hopkins’ Jim Liew talks with Rebellion Research

In terms of academic standing, Johns Hopkins University is generally considered to be on par with these institutions. While each institution has its own strengths and areas of expertise, they all share a commitment to academic excellence and research innovation. Students who are interested in pursuing careers in STEM fields, in particular, may find these institutions to be particularly attractive due to their strong research programs and emphasis on scientific discovery.

Hopkins Hall circa 1885, on the original downtown Baltimore campus

In conclusion, while Johns Hopkins University is not an Ivy League institution, it is highly-regarded for its academic excellence and research innovation. When compared to other top STEM-focused institutions such as Cal Tech, MIT, and Carnegie Mellon, Johns Hopkins University is considered to be on par in terms of its academic rigor and research excellence. Ultimately, the best fit for a student will depend on their individual needs and preferences, as well as their academic and personal strengths.

Johns Hopkins’ Professor Sudip Gupta talks with Rebellion Research

Is Johns Hopkins an Ivy League?

Is Williams College as good as Ivy?


How does the amazing liberal arts school stack up against the famed Ivy League?

Williams College, a highly respected liberal arts college, consistently ranked among the top liberal arts colleges in the United States. While it is not technically part of the Ivy League, many people consider Williams College to be on par with Ivy League schools in terms of academic quality and prestige.

The Ivy League consists of a group of eight prestigious universities located in the northeastern United States. Furthermore, including Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University.

In addition, the University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University, and Yale University. These universities became known for their academic excellence. Additionally, selective admissions process, and rich history and traditions.

While Williams College; moreover, not officially part of the Ivy League! Many still often compare Williams to these institutions for several reasons.

Firstly, Williams College boasts a highly selective class. Moreover, admitting only around 12% of applicants each year. As a result, which puts it on par with many Ivy League schools in terms of selectivity.

Additionally, Williams College became known for its rigorous academic program.

Zephaniah Swift Moore, the second president of the college and first president of Amherst College
Unknown author –

Offering an amazing faculty-to-student ratio of 1:7!

Furthermore, a strong emphasis on critical thinking, writing, and research. These factors contribute to Williams College’s reputation as a highly respected institution of higher learning.

Thompson Memorial Church, early 20th century
Scan by NYPL –

Williams College has also produced a number of notable alumni, including three Pulitzer Prize winners, four MacArthur Fellows, and several political leaders and public figures. The college has a strong track record of preparing its graduates for success in a wide range of fields, from academia and the arts to business and public service.

While there may become some differences between Williams College and Ivy League schools. Williams College stands as a highly respected institution. One that is on par with many Ivy League schools in terms of academic quality, prestige. And success in preparing its graduates for the future.

Chapin Hall

For many students, Williams College may be an excellent alternative to the Ivy League, offering a high-quality liberal arts education with a strong focus on critical thinking, writing, and research. Ultimately, the decision of whether to attend Williams College or an Ivy League school will depend on a variety of factors, including a student’s academic interests, career goals, and personal preferences.

But it sure does get lonely during winter!

Mark Hopkins was the fourth and longest-serving president of Williams College.
Unknown author –

Is Williams College as good as Ivy?

What is the history of Williams?

Williams College is a private liberal arts college located in Williamstown, Massachusetts. It was founded in 1793 and has a long and distinguished history as one of the leading institutions of higher learning in the United States.

The college was founded by Ephraim Williams Jr., a wealthy landowner and soldier who died in battle during the French and Indian War. In his will, Williams left a bequest of funds to establish a free school in his hometown of West Stockbridge, Massachusetts, with the condition that the school be named after him and that it be transformed into a college within four years of his death.

In 1793, the trustees of the Williams Free School opened the College of Williamstown, which was later renamed Williams College in honor of its founder. The college was originally a men’s college, but it became coeducational in 1970.

During its early years, Williams College struggled financially, and it was not until the early 19th century that the college began to gain a reputation as a leading institution of higher learning. In 1806, the college appointed its first president, Zephaniah Swift Moore, who transformed the college into a center of academic excellence. Moore emphasized the importance of classical education and established a rigorous academic program that focused on Greek and Latin literature, mathematics, and philosophy.

During the mid-19th century, Williams College continued to expand its academic program and facilities. In 1846, the college established a department of natural sciences, and in 1851, it opened a new building to house the college’s library and scientific collections. The college also added new courses in modern languages, literature, and history, and it began to attract students from across the United States.

In the 20th century, Williams College continued to grow and evolve. During World War II, the college established a naval training program, and it also began to offer programs in engineering and the sciences. In the postwar period, the college underwent a major expansion, with the construction of new academic buildings, residence halls, and athletic facilities.

Today, Williams College, widely regarded as one of the finest liberal arts colleges in the United States. The college has a student body of approximately 2,000 students. And a faculty of over 300 professors. And it offers more than 40 majors in a wide range of fields. Including the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, and mathematics.

In conclusion, Williams College has a long and distinguished history as one of the leading institutions of higher learning in the United States. Founded in 1793, the college has evolved over time, expanding its academic program and facilities to become a center of academic excellence. Today, Williams College remains committed to providing its students with a rigorous and engaging liberal arts education that prepares them for success in a rapidly changing world.

Is Williams College as good as Ivy?

Babson College President talks with Rebellion Research

What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

Amherst College is a highly selective liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It has a competitive admissions process, and the college evaluates a range of factors when considering applicants for admission, including academic achievement, extracurricular involvement, and personal qualities.

While Amherst College does not have a set minimum GPA requirement, the average GPA of admitted students is typically very high. According to the Amherst College Common Data Set for 2020-2021.

The average high school GPA for admitted students was 4.12 on a 4.0 scale, which is well above an A average.

However, essential to keep in mind that Amherst College uses a holistic admissions process. And takes a comprehensive approach in evaluating an applicant’s overall academic record and achievements.

Apart from academic records, the college also considers other factors such as personal essays, letters of recommendation, and standardized test scores (either the SAT or ACT) to determine admission eligibility. The college also looks for applicants who have demonstrated leadership, intellectual curiosity, and a commitment to their communities.

It’s important to note that although academic performance is a crucial factor in admissions decisions, it is not the only one. Amherst College seeks students who demonstrate a passion for learning and have a diverse range of interests and experiences. Therefore, applicants are encouraged to present themselves as well-rounded individuals with unique qualities, experiences, and perspectives that will add value to the college community.

In summary, there is no fixed GPA requirement for admission to Amherst College, but the admissions committee looks for highly motivated and academically talented individuals with a range of achievements and experiences. To increase your chances of admission, it’s essential to maintain a high GPA, take challenging courses, and showcase your unique qualities and experiences in your application.

What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

Amherst College Endowment : An Interview With Amherst College Endowment Chief Investment Officer Letitia Johnson

Amherst College Endowment : An Interview With Amherst College Endowment Chief Investment Officer Letitia Johnson : In today’s tangled global financial markets, Amherst College Chief Investment Officer (CIO) Letitia Johnson brings an international sensibility. Born in Singapore, her family shortly afterward moved to London. There she stayed until the age of 7 when, yet again, her family relocated to a new location: Japan. Letitia Johnson attended the American School in Japan, located in suburban Tokyo, before coming to the United States when she was 14.

Following the trend of many other school’s wealth management teams, the Amherst College Investment Office recently relocated to Boston from its former spot in Amherst, MA. There is no doubt Johnson has a strong understanding of Boston’s financial industry. All of Johnson’s experience in finance has taken place in Boston, though she has occasionally engaged in extensive travel for past jobs. 

While talking to Johnson, the topic of the Amherst liberal arts curriculum came up. Johnson expressed strong support for the study of the liberal arts, arguing that studying a wide variety of subjects develops balanced thinking and reasoning skills. She urges all young students to first determine what their absolute must haves are, and then use that as a starting point to narrow down what career paths they might be interested in. After all, how can one know their most specific goals if they have not even resolved what their primary desires are? 

Even the path Johnson took wasn’t exactly what she first predicted. In fact, Johnson didn’t find her career in institutional investing until after her time at Yale Business School. There introduced to the world of endowment management, she hasn’t looked back since.

What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

An International Eye : Profile of Investor Letitia Johnson

What is the Amherst Investment Office?

The Amherst Investment Office is a team of people that reports to an investment committee of the board and to the Amherst Chief Financial Officer Kevin Weinman. Our primary responsibility is to manage Amherst College’s endowment. Our job includes reporting transactions and making sure cash goes to the right investments when we alter our portfolio. The Amherst Investment Office invests for the long run. We must ensure that we are investing our funds to meet school objectives over a long time period and growing our endowment in real terms. 

Typically, the endowment supports roughly 50 to 60 percent of the College’s budget. Over time, it has outgrown other income streams. Ultimately, we aim to take 4-5% out of the endowment every year without digging into its principal so that it can continue to grow. 

The Investment Office is responsible for managing the endowment, but this doesn’t mean we pick stocks on our own. Instead, much of what we do involves choosing third party fund managers. We put a lot of thought into who the partners who will manage the money for us are. 

Currently, we are working with less than 40 managers. We even have a manager who we have been collaborating with for 20 years. We strive to pick a manager earlier in their career so that we can expand and evolve with them. This aligns with the Office’s very long-term outlook.

What is your process for picking managers?

A lot of it comes down to scrutinizing the people running the funds. We invest in people. Strategies can change over time, but hopefully the people we entrust our money to don’t. Do they have a cohesive strategy that makes sense and can endure in terms of adding value? 

The quality of the manager trumps everything, including the strategy. We won’t pick a mediocre manager just because he’s in the right space and using a hot strategy—we stick with only A+ managers. I like managers who can write down and express the thesis of what they are doing—something stressed in an Amherst education. Skilled managers should be able to articulate what they are seeking to achieve.

We do think about portfolio balance. It’s important that we understand the mix of managers we have and what strategies they use. We’ll routinely check up on how our managers are doing, see if there is anything we need to worry about. Our team also performs a top-down sector and asset exposure analysis. That way, if things become too imbalanced, we can step in and make changes. 

What is your investing philosophy (value investing, growth investing, etc)? How do you build a portfolio?

We don’t require our managers to have one single investing philosophy, we prefer to have a mix—though we do have views of which types of investing might be better suited to certain areas of the market. Our system emphasizes flexibility. Therefore, we don’t have asset allocation targets per se. Instead, we have ranges. A too rigid process can undo what managers do best. When we find good managers, we put some trust in them and regularly communicate with them. 

Treasury rates have been rising recently, with the Fed slightly cutting back on measures in fear of inflation. Any downsides? How are you adjusting to this?

The rates question is this endless debate in the investing field. We in the Investment Office are not in the business of trying to figure out what’s going to happen and guess the Federal Reserve’s moves. We should not—and do not—make investment decisions on this basis. If rates spike, markets are likely to tend downward. We can also consider what parts of our portfolio might be more impacted. For example, typically, tech could fall considerably because it’s a long duration asset and is generally growth-oriented.

How do you deal with inflation?

Investors have spent a lot of time on the inflation question. Inflation is related to Fed rates, and unanticipated inflation can be quite harmful for bonds and stocks. We look back at the stagflation of the 1970s as a historical example and see how we could have protected against it. Unfortunately, protecting against inflation is extremely costly and highly unreliable. 

Trying to defend against inflation through assets such as commodities and real estate can also be unreliable. Not to mention these asset classes can themselves be volatile and costly to hold relative to alternatives. What we’ve learned is that it’s better to concentrate on ensuring we can meet annual obligations and maintain good liquidity, through crisis planning. Today, we avoid holding long bonds. Other than that, we think about maintaining liquidity reserves and investing the rest in a balanced way. 

Ultimately, equities serve as a pretty good inflation hedge. Inflation should eventually be reflected in earnings. It’s worth mentioning, though, that some equities have better inflationary sensitivity, like those with pricing power. We would want a manager that cared about things like that. 

Our portfolio is very equity heavy. 

How effective is gold as an inflation hedge?

Gold is not the reliable inflation hedge some people make it out to be. The truth is, there’s no good way to value it. How do you trade something you can’t value? How do you know when to hold, sell, or buy more? In that sense, it’s kind of like bitcoin (though we do like crypto generally!). It’s very hard to invest in gold well. The only ones who seem to get it right are families who stockpile it and forget about it. 

Amherst College doesn’t need a store of value. It needs to make a set of balanced investments that grow over time, and gold isn’t right for this purpose. 

Who picks the assets in the Investment Office?

Dawn Bates (Manager of Investment Operations) and Heather Heath (Operations Analyst) are in charge of running operations for our office. Every morning, the whole team meets together to talk about what’s on the docket for the day, debrief on the day prior, and so on. On the investment side of our office are Shane Levy (Investment Officer), Yunfei Liu (Investment Analyst), Adam McPherson (Investment Analyst), and myself, Letitia Johnson (Chief Investment Officer). Together, we all spend a lot of time evaluating managers and finding new ones. 

In the Investment Office, we do comb over individual stocks. However, this isn’t to say that we select individual stocks to invest in. We find it’s helpful to have a good understanding of what our managers like. That way, we can better understand how they are developing and seeing the market change over time.

For example, we had a period in which the team did a lot of talking about automobiles—electric vehicles, manufacturing, dealerships, tech in autos, etc. This happened very organically, through talking to managers. We would speak to a number of our different managers about car dealerships, and then make connections and evaluations ourselves based on what they said. By focusing our discussion on one specific line of business, we got a lot smarter on the whole space and were able to better engage with our managers. 

I don’t particularly like the traditional asset allocation framework, and prefer to think in terms of ecosystems. For example, using the label hedge fund isn’t particularly helpful. Instead, I would rather consider ecosystems like healthcare. This would include everything from early stage biotech venture capital to Big Pharma. As you would imagine, a whole range of overlapping companies, capital systems, and managers would fit into this ecosystem. 

Ecosystems are a holistic category. Adam and his team spend a lot of time on the biotech ecosystem. Yunfei and his team spend a lot of time on the China ecosystem. Other ecosystems might include tech and value. 

Amherst College Endowment : An Interview With Amherst College Endowment Chief Investment Officer Letitia Johnsonn Written by Ryan Cunningham

(The interview, conducted on Zoom on March 19, 2021, has been edited for length and clarity.)

Johnson, Letitia L. | Faculty & Staff | Amherst College

Tech Investing

Amherst College Endowment : An Interview With Amherst College Endowment Chief Investment Officer Letitia Johnson

What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

Austin Sarat Amherst College – Rebellion Research

Is Amherst as good as Ivy League?


According to the rankings on, Amherst College is the 16th best school in the United States. At that spot, Amherst outdoes respected schools such as the University of Michigan and the University of Chicago, as well as Ivy League school Brown University.

Amherst College is a highly respected and prestigious liberal arts college in the United States. While it is not a member of the Ivy League, it is often considered to be on par with Ivy League schools in terms of academic rigor and selectivity.

In fact, Amherst College has consistently ranked among the top liberal arts colleges in the country in various college rankings, and its graduates have gone on to achieve success in a wide range of fields, including academia, business, law, and politics.

Ultimately, whether Amherst College is “as good as” Ivy League schools depends on a variety of factors and individual opinions. However, widely recognized as an outstanding institution of higher education and one that offers a world-class education to its students.

Amherst College is a private liberal arts college located in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. Founded in 1821 as an attempt to provide a nonsectarian alternative to nearby Williams College. Which at the time boasted an affiliation with the Congregational Church.

Austin Sarat : Amherst College Dean & Law Professor

The idea for the college was first proposed by the Reverend Noah Porter, a Congregational minister in Connecticut, who suggested the creation of an institution “for the education of indigent young men of piety and talents for the Christian ministry.” The idea became well received. And a group of leading citizens in Amherst, including the town’s founder, General William Shepard, and the Congregational minister, Reverend Ebenezer Snell, began to raise funds for the college.

In 1825, the college admitted its first students, with an initial enrollment of 15. The first president of the college was Zephaniah Swift Moore, a Congregational minister and scholar who had previously served as president of Williams College.

The early years of Amherst College became defined by both challenges and triumphs.

Initially, the college struggled to attract students and secure funding, but over time it began to establish a reputation for academic excellence. In 1826, the college awarded its first degrees to three graduates, and by the mid-19th century it had become one of the most respected liberal arts colleges in the country.

During the latter half of the 19th century, Amherst College underwent a period of significant growth and expansion. Under the leadership of President Julius H. Seelye, the college constructed a number of new buildings, including Walker Hall, Converse Memorial Library, and the Pratt Museum of Natural History. These new facilities helped to establish Amherst as a modern, forward-thinking institution of higher education.

An Interview With Amherst College CIO

The early 20th century became marked by a number of important changes at Amherst College. Moreover, in 1915, the college became one of the first liberal arts colleges to establish a dedicated department of economics. The following year, Amherst College joined with Williams College and Wesleyan University to form the Little Three athletic conference.

During the mid-20th century, Amherst College underwent another period of significant growth and development. Furthermore, in the years following World War II, the college saw a surge in enrollment. In addition, several new buildings became constructed to accommodate the growing student body.

In conclusion, today it is one of the most respected schools in America.

Is Amherst as good as Ivy League?

What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

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Is Johns Hopkins an Ivy League?

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What GPA do you need to get into Amherst College?

Is Johns Hopkins an Ivy League?