# How many tanks has Ukraine destroyed?

How many tanks has Ukraine destroyed?

#### The Cost of War

War is incredibly costly. The Russian invasion of Ukraine in no different than any other war. When all is said and done, the cost in lives lost, people injured, long term care for the injured, property damaged, and property destroyed will be in the trillions of dollars.

One part of the cost of war is the cost to replace equipment that is destroyed, damaged, or captured. On the ground, the tank is the most expensive piece of hardware. Both sides are using Russian tank designs, so I can use the same estimated costs to replace tanks for both combatants. Since the invasion began, the Russian Army has lost 318 tanks. For a little context, this would be every tank in 31 Russian BTGs if the losses were focused (I think only 94 BTGs were used in the invasion). On the other hand, Ukraine has lost 79 tanks over the last month.

I thought it would be an enlightening exercise to take a look at the amount it would cost the Russians and Ukrainians to replace just their lost tanks (remember the Russians have lost another 1700+ vehicles in addition to their 318 tanks). I’m not an arms dealer and am only using the prices listed in Wikipedia. The break down of cost of the cost to purchase each tank version is:

• T-64 Tank — \$1,100,000
• T-72 Tank — \$1,200,000
• T-80 Tank — \$3,000,000
• T-90 Tank — \$4,500,000

Of course, both sides will end up replacing their losses with the most up-to-date tank that they can afford after the conflict ends.

#### Russian Tank Losses

To date, the Russians have lost 315 tanks, broken down by:

• 8x T-64 Tank — \$8.8M
• 183x T-72 Tank — \$219.6M
• 77x T-80 Tank — \$231M
• 17x T-90 Tank — \$76.5M
• 33x Unknown Tanks (average cost = \$2,450,000) — \$80.85M

Total Russian Losses in Tanks Alone = \$616.75M

#### Ukraine Tank Losses

To date, Ukraine has lost

• 67x T-64 Tank — \$73.7M
• 8x T-72 Tank — \$9.6M
• 3x T-80 Tank — \$9M
• 1x Unknown Tanks (average cost = \$2,450,000) — \$2.45M

Total Ukrainian Losses in Tanks Alone = \$94.75M

Current Situation

Here is Jomini of the West’s map of the current situation (March 28, 2022). As he states “The past 72 hours has seen Ukrainian forces continue to conduct localized counterattacks in the Kyiv area, Sumy Oblast, and around Kharkiv and Izium. Russian forces continue to press in the Donbass & Mariupol.”

Crowd Sourcing Battle Damage Assessment

Each day the conflict continues, both Russian and Ukraine forces lose vehicles from combat. These vehicles were destroyed, damaged, abandoned, or captured in battle. Battle Damage Assessment, or BDA, is “the estimate of damage composed of physical and functional damage assessment, as well as target system assessment, resulting from the application of lethal or nonlethal military force.” In the old days, the Battalion or Brigade Intelligence Officer had to collect reports from helicopter pilots, Air Force pilots, forward observers, and ground forces who engaged the enemy. Based on these reports, the Intelligence Officer would make an assessment of how badly the enemy had been damaged from the actions of friendly forces.

Stijn Mitzer, along with Joost Oliemans, Kemal Janovsky, Dan Janovsky, and Jakub Janovsky, have taken this idea into the 21st Century. The five people are attempting to crowd source battle damage assessments in real-time from both the Russian and Ukraine armed forces during the invasion of Ukraine on The Oryx Website. The team finds photos of destroyed, abandoned, and captured vehicles and then tries to count them based on the vehicle type. They also categories them based on the vehicle being destroyed, abandoned, or captured. The team does its best to make sure that they are not counting the same vehicle twice and are updating it daily. Check it our yourself — the link to their regularly updated article is here.

Just counting damaged, destroyed, and captured vehicles is Basic BDA. Taking the raw numbers and then assessing the impact on the invasion force is Advanced BDA. Advanced BDA helps military leaders understand the context and make better decisions.

The military uses three categories to measure the impact on enemy units: suppressed, neutralized, or destroyed. As you would expect, each of these terms has a military definition. These terms use the US Army’s Field Artillery percentages for suppressed, neutralized, or destroyed.

• Suppress is a tactical mission task that results in temporary degradation of the performance of a force or weapons system below the level needed to accomplish its mission. It is the lowest level and typically equates to 3% of a friendly or enemy unit’s equipment being destroyed, damaged, abandoned, or captured.
• Neutralize is a tactical mission task that results in rendering enemy personnel or materiel incapable of interfering with a particular operation. It is in the middle and usually equates to 10% of a friendly or enemy unit’s equipment being destroyed, damaged, abandoned, or captured.
• Destroy is a tactical mission task that physically renders an enemy force combat-ineffective until it is reconstituted. It is the highest level and usually equals to 30% of a friendly or enemy unit’s equipment being destroyed, damaged, abandoned, or captured.

#### Russian BDA (As of March 28, 2022 at 15:00 EDT the Oryx Website)

Russian forces have lost:

• 318 Losses (38 ⬆️) out of an estimated 940x T-72/80/90s Tanks — 33.8% Losses (Destroyed)
• Average of 9.9x tanks damaged, destroyed, abandoned and captured per day of the conflict
• 439 Losses (62 ⬆️ )out of an estimated 3,102x BMPs/BTRs/BMDs (Armored Personnel Carriers) — 14.2% Losses (Neutralized)
• Average of 13.7x BMPs/BTRs damaged, destroyed, abandoned and captured per day of the conflict
• 7 Losses (No Change) out of an estimated 376x Shturm-S ATGM Carriers — 1.8% Losses (No impact)
• 61 Losses (14 ⬆️ )out of an estimated 282x BAT-2s and 188x IMR-2s (Engineer Vehicles) — 12.9% Losses (Neutralized)
• 136 Losses (10 ⬆️ )out of an estimated 564x 152 mm 2S19 Msta and 564x BM-21 122mm MLRS (Field Artillery) — 11.2% Losses (Neutralized)
• 52 Losses (1 ⬆️ ) out of an estimated 564x Pantsir-S1 (SAMs) — 9% Losses (Suppressed)
• 115 MT-LB Losses (10 ⬆️) out of an estimated 658x MT-LB ACRV (Command and Control) — 17.5% Losses (Neutralized)
• Average of 3.6x MT-LBs damaged, destroyed, abandoned and captured per day of the conflict

On March 21, 2022, Komsomolskaya Pravda, a pro-Kremlin tabloid, reported that according to the Russian Ministry of Defense, 9,861 Russian soldiers were killed in Ukraine and 16,153 were injured during the invasion. There may be an additional 10,000+ Russian soldiers captured by Ukraine as well. On Wednesday, March 23, 2022 a NATO spokesperson announced that their estimate was between 7,000 and 15,000 Russian soldiers have been killed in Ukraine and up to 40,000 Russian troops in total have been killed, wounded, taken prisoner or are missing.

#### Ukrainian BDA (As of March 28, 2022 at 1500 EDT the Oryx Website)

I believe these numbers are low since the Russian forces are not using social media and it makes it difficult for the Oryx team to crowd source the data. However, it is a good start point. So far, according to Oryx, Ukrainian forces have lost:

• 79 Losses (5 ⬆️ ) out of an estimated 630x T-64/80s Tanks — 12.5% Losses (Neutralized)
• Average of 2.5x tanks damaged, destroyed, abandoned and captured per day of the conflict.
• 128 Losses (5 ⬆️) out of an estimated 2,215x BMPs/BTRs/BMDs (Armored Personnel Carriers) — 5.8% Losses (Suppressed)
• Average of 4x BMPs/BTRs damaged, destroyed, abandoned and captured per day of the conflict.
• 47 Losses (11 ⬆️ ) out of an estimated 306x 152 mm 2S19 Msta and 306x BM-21 122mm MLRS (Field Artillery) — 7.6% Losses (Suppressed)
• 12 MT-LB Losses (No Change) out of an estimated 476x MT-LB ACRV (Command and Control) — 2.5% Losses (No Impact)

President Zelenskyy said on March 13, 2022 that over 1,300 Ukrainian soldiers had been killed (US estimates were 3,000). Remember casualties in war are killed, wounded, and captured. This would also imply that there are about 6,500 Ukrainian soldiers wounded or captured. This uses the same ratio (1 killed to 5 wounded/captured) from the Soviet experience in Afghanistan. This number does not include civilian casualties. There have been no updates to Ukrainian casualties for the past 10 days.

#### Map Notes

To help you understand the maps better, here is a short guide to some of the symbology above the units. Russian units are in red. Ukrainian units are in green. Name of the unit is typically to the right of the symbol.

• Combined Arms Army (CAA) — Symbolized by XXXX above a unit on the map, the Army Group system was developed by the Soviets during World War II, when the echelons of corps and armies were merged together. Army Groups typically have at several motorized rifle and tank divisions and brigades; headquarters, artillery, air defense, reconnaissance, and MTO (logistics) brigades; and an engineering regiment and a NBC defense regiment. These formations have over 20,000 soldiers in them.
• Divisions — symbolized by XX above a unit on the map, these formations have about 8,500 soldiers and resemble Soviet-era divisions, with three motorized rifle regiments and one tank regiment (for a motorized rifle division (MRD)) or three tank regiments and one motorized rifle regiment (for a tank division) plus supporting units.
• Brigades — symbolized by X above a unit on the map, these formations typically have 3,000-4,500 soldiers
• Battalion Tactical Groups — symbolized by II above a unit on the map, these formations typically have 600 soldiers. See Invasion of Ukraine, D+15, SITREP for more details on the BTG.

#### Invasion of Ukraine : In Depth Analysis

##### More Information on Both the Russian Invasion Force and Ukrainian Defense Forces Can Be Found at:

Invasion of Ukraine, D+29, SITREP

Invasion of Ukraine, D+26, SITREP

Invasion of Ukraine, D+22, SITREP

Invasion of Ukraine, D+19, SITREP

Invasion of Ukraine, D+15, SITREP

BTGs, OoB, and Crowd Sourced BDA in Ukraine, D+11

#### Conclusion

Want even more? Reach out to me me here for a virtual talk to your group or company on the Invasion of Ukraine and its tactical and strategic implications.

Use your deeper awareness of the invasion of Ukraine to go on the offensive and follow the conflict with better insight.