Embedded Systems Definition : The Future of Embedded Systems
Embedded Systems Definition : The world is becoming smarter every day. Living in today’s world, people will automatically and collaboratively be served by machines. Embedded systems (ESs) are changing our daily life.
An embedded system is a computer system—a combination of a computer processor, computer memory, and input/output peripheral devices—that has a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system.
It is embedded as part of a complete device often including electrical or electronic hardware and mechanical parts. Because an embedded system typically controls physical operations of the machine that it is embedded within, it often has real-time computing constraints.
Embedded systems control many devices in common use today. In 2009 it was estimated that ninety-eight percent of all microprocessors manufactured were used in embedded systems.
Our home is probably full of devices, Indeed, who does not wish to stay one step ahead of the rest? Yet, rarely do users who happen to operate these technologies by the minute ever stop to understand their intricacies.
They are commonly used in almost every industry today and are found in every consumer electronics, telecommunication, daily transport, aeronautics, and military applications.
Embedded Systems are a combination of computer software and hardware suited to a particular task which is in itself a part of a larger system. In 20 years from now, ESs are going to be everywhere.
In contrast to traditional ESs, current operating systems are becoming more complex; that is, they are turning more autonomous, more open, more networked and more intelligent.
A new era of novel ESs, Intelligent embedded systems (IESs), has come to the surface as an application to real-time control features afforded by artificial intelligence (AI).
Projecting this empowering aspect of ESs could give rise to the possibility of developing systems that could learn from their direct environment and maybe change their own control programs to adapt to emerging unusual situations.
Also, they could interpret and optimize human intellectual activities (perception, learning, reasoning and memorization, self-optimization, self-adaptation) namely in case of medical damage.
In fact, IESs can include some artificial intelligence-based systems such as neural networks and other sophisticated AI models to guarantee the outcomes just mentioned.
With the advent in the field of electronics, networking and wireless communications, robotics, and devices around us communicate in more ways than we have ever imagined. Some future applications of ESs:
Smart healthcare systems:
Having smart healthcare systems might be one of the most important applications of future ESs.
They have revolutionized the way medication is administered as in the case of embedded devices like the biosensor devices, which is stuck to your body and constantly monitors your vitals and informs medical staff, via a cloud platform, about any urgent changes. This can be a game-changer when it comes to our healthcare system.
Internet of Things:
The Internet of Things is a technology revolution becoming a reality. It involves connecting and communicating devices carefully integrated into the objects with which we interact in our daily lives.
For instance, your smartphone communicates with your chair about your sitting posture, with satellite receivers to know the right temperature, and to tell whether the dish you left to simmer on it is burning; in case of a fire hazard, it will communicate with the closest fire control agency.
Agriculture is one of the primary fields that require technical assistance of something as awesome as ESs.
Scientists have come up with Farming/Precision Agriculture which basically optimizes the management of a farm as a whole. This enables them to provide real-time data about the field by means of local sensors connected to a cloud-based platform.
Intelligent transport systems:
I do love the idea of transport systems that are smart enough to understand the situation they are in and act accordingly. Autonomous vehicles are designed to drive on their own by scanning their surroundings and acting accordingly.
This technology will definitely help to reduce the rate of accidents because its systems are geared towards achieving higher reliability and lower reaction time as compared to humans.
Tesla cars, for example, have the hardware needed in the future for a fully self-driving mode in almost all circumstances. The system is designed to be able to conduct short and long-distance trips with no actions whatsoever required by the driver.
Smart cities, buildings, and homes have become a reality. These houses have electronic circuits and sensors embedded through their walls and floors and allow you to operate your entire house via your smartphone/tablet App.
For instance, SingleCue is a gesture system that enables you to control all the smart devices in your home with a wave of your finger using advanced sensing technologies.
In a nutshell, the current perspectives incorporate the dynamics offered by ESs to improve their functionalities, hence painting a vivid picture of the positive impacts to be delivered by ESs Engineering in the world of tomorrow.
Written by Houda Ben Brahim
Edited by Calvin Ma, Gihyen Eom & Alexander Fleiss
Embedded Systems Definition