Drone Future Of Warfare : Will Nefarious States & Organizations Look To Drones As Their Next Wave Of Offense?
Drone Future Of Warfare : Will Nefarious States & Organizations Look To Drones As Their Next Wave Of Offense? When most people think of military drones, they usually think of pieces of technology with wingspans greater than the overall length of fighter jets. Drones taking surveillance images from over 40,000 feet. And giving the pilot, thousands of miles away. The ability to take out targets with pinpoint accuracy utilizing a wide variety of weapons systems at the pilot’s disposal.
While this does describe a large portion of drones used by militaries and fighters all over the world, their development requires billions of dollars of investments, access to cutting-edge technology and scientists, and, most importantly, time.
Today, The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levante (ISIL) and other violent non-state actors (VNSA), do not have access to these resources.
To overcome this asymmetry, they are using the technology available on the consumer market to build or purchase small drones.
Although these drones are about the size of a watermelon. And may have a range of only a few miles. They still pose a risk. In the hands of a VNSA. These small, inexpensive consumer drones are modified into “killer bees”. Bees capable of creating significant damage and terrorizing civilian and military populations. While VNSAs can use drone technology in various ways. Such as surveillance, strategic communication, transportation (smuggling), disruption of events, or complementing other activities. The focus of this article is on when and why terrorist groups use drone technology as a weapon.
This question is relevant because drone technologies allow violent non-state actors like terror groups to inflict a large physical and emotional toll upon civilians and military forces not only in conflict zones, but also in modern city centers.
Even though the main terrorist group that used drones, the Islamic State (ISIL) has started to collapse and the use of drones by VNSAs has subsequently fallen, there is nothing stopping a new group from coming forth and using them to their advantage.
Additionally, the robotics revolution that led to the further development of drone technology. Has made it readily available to the consumer market. In addition, is closely linked to the development of AI. Furthermore, similar technology which would be equally if not more deadly if put into the hands of a terror group.
For example, when combined, AI and drones could make an unstoppable army of unmanned, intelligent drones. Flying weapons that can do their own targeting without any human input and being impossible to stop.
In conclusion, by exploring when and why terror groups resort to using drones. We will be able to prevent new groups from gaining access to these tools. In addition, wreaking havoc and destruction upon innocent civilians and military forces. Lastly, hopefully we prevent them from ever being used in a major terrorist attack upon a crowded city center.