Can birth control cause high blood pressure? How birth control causes high blood pressure which in turn causes strokes

Can birth control cause high blood pressure? How birth control causes high blood pressure which in turn causes strokes Birth control pills are a popular pregnancy prevention method used by many women. However, some  of them are not only a kind of birth control pills, but it may also increase women’s blood pressure  which in turn causes strokes. 

Firstly, it is important to identify how birth control pills cause high blood pressure.

Moreover, there are mainly three types of birth control pills. The most popular one is combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), which is a mixture of estrogen and progestin. It is this estrogen that has the potential to increase women’s  blood pressure.

In addition, many studies have shown that the oral contraceptive pills that contain estrogen raise, although not significant, the risk of getting hypertension to women, and the effect is larger if the takers are older than 35 years or already have high blood pressure. Furthermore, ‘studies have indicated that the use of oral contraceptives (including newer agents) increases blood pressure by as  much as 8 mm Hg systolic and 6 mm Hg diastolic.’ (Armstrong,2017)

However, the birth control  pills that are progestin-only (no estrogen included) do not show the risk. The actual risk of getting  high blood pressure while using birth control pills is not known. Furthermore, a possible guess is that the estrogen  in the pill may trigger the release of other hormones that can cause the takers’ blood pressure to rise. Thus, researchers have identified oral contraceptives may cause high blood pressure.

However, high blood pressure in turn can cause many other diseases such as stroke.

In conclusion, blood pressure is how much pressure blood is exerting against artery walls. High blood pressure happens when blood  running through arteries flows with too much force and puts too much pressure on arteries. Lastly, since high blood pressure can cause the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the brain to burst or be blocked. As a result this will cause a stroke. 

However, oral contraceptives that contain estrogen may have the potential to cause high blood pressure which in turn causes stroke.  

Written by Sirui Hao 

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References: 

Craig O. Weber, M. D. (2021, September 11). Is your birth control pill making your blood pressure  rise? Verywell Health. Retrieved March 16, 2022, from https://www.verywellhealth.com/birth control-pills-blood-pressure 

Birth control and blood pressure: What you need to know. hers. (n.d.). Retrieved March 16, 2022,  from:https://www.forhers.com/blog/birth-control-blood-pressure 

Stacey, D. (2020, December 9). Birth control pills and high blood pressure. Verywell Health.  Retrieved March 16, 2022, from https://www.verywellhealth.com/do-birth-control-pills-affect blood-pressure-906923 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021, May 18). High blood pressure symptoms and  causes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved March 16, 2022, from :https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/about.htm#:~:text=High%20blood%20pressure%20can%20ca use,do%20not%20get%20enough%20oxygen 

Understanding blood pressure readings. www.heart.org. (2022, January 5). Retrieved March 16,  2022, from:https://www.heart.org/en/health-topics/high-blood-pressure/understanding-blood pressure 

Armstrong, C. (2007, April 15). ACOG releases guidelines on hormonal contraceptives in women  with coexisting medical conditions. American Family Physician. Retrieved March 16, 2022,from  https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1252.html#:~:text=than%2035%20years.-,HYPERTENSIO N,not%20significantly%20affect%20blood%20pressure