Battle of Rymnik : Russo-Turkish War

Battle of Rymnik : Russo-Turkish War

Military History

22 September (11 September OS) 1789 marks the Battle of Rymnik in the Russo-Turkish War when General Prince Friedrich von Coburg’s 18,000 men of Austria’s Imperial Army (10 infantry battalions, 30 cavalry squadrons) in addition to General Prince Aleksándr Suvórov’s 7,000 Russians (9 bns, 9 sqns, 2 Cossack regiments, 1,000 Arnauts) and 103 guns crushed Grand Vizier Kethüda Hasan Pasha’s 100,000 Ottomans (including 20,000 Janissaries) with 80 guns.

Kethüda marched to attack Coburg. Suvórov learned this and as a result, marched 100 km in 2.5 days.

He reached Coburg on 21 September and took joint command. Kethüda deployed between Rymna & Rymnik Rivers. Ravines, strong fortified positions and swamps strengthened his position. Suvórov decided on a night attack. He would take Tyrgo-Kukuli on Kethüda’s forward-right flank. He would then swing left towards the forward-center camp at Bokzy. A general attack on the main camp would drive Kethüda into the river.

At 23:00, he advanced in 2 columns. He took the right. Coburg took the left. They crossed the Rynma at 06:00, 22 September. 1.5 km from Tyrgo-Kukuli, they were spotted. Tyrgo’s guns opened fire.

Suvórov’s artillery & cavalry silenced them.
Count Alexander Suvorov

His infantry advanced in squares. They repelled Tyrgo’s cavalry, inflicting heavy losses. The garrison fled. 15,000 Ottoman cavalry charged Coburg to separate him & Suvórov. However, Coburg formed squares. He repelled them. They retreated, trampling the Ottoman infantry.

Suvórov seized Bokzy. He joined with Coburg at 14:30. At 15:00, the Allies attacked the main camp at Kryngu-Maylor. Coburg attacked the center. Suvórov saw the flank fortifications were unfinished. His cavalry overran the works in addition, broke into the camp. Furthermore, his infantry followed. The Ottomans fled for the river’s ferry. Kethüda tried to organize a rearguard. His panicking men stampeded through, breaking it. Thousands drowned. Pursuit resumed on 23 September.

The Allies lost 400 Austrian Imperials with 200 Russians dead. Kethüda lost 20,000 dead, 400 captive, 6 mortars, 67 field, furthermore, 7 siege guns with their munitions, 100 flags, many horses & camels, all his supplies & baggage, huge amounts of treasure and his lavish command tent with silver & gold brocade. Also found were thousands of chains for prisoners he planned to take. In conclusion, the Sultan stripped him of command. And lastly, the Habsburgs now held all Wallachia.

Suvorov in Milan, April 1799 by Adolf Charlemagne
Empress Yekaterina the Great made Suvórov Count of Rymnik.

Austria made him Count of the Holy Roman Empire. He received the Order of St. Andrew with diamonds (Russia’s highest chivalric award) & the Order of St. George, 1st Class (highest military award). He also received a diamond studded sword inscribed: “To the Vizier’s Conqueror,” a diamond epaulette & a precious ring. He wrote to his daughter: “Did you hear, sister? From my generous Mother… Above all awards is St. George. This is what your father is like! I almost died of joy!”

Written by Garrett Anderson

Written by Garrett Anderson

Military History

Battle of Rymnik : Russo-Turkish War