Artificial Intelligence In Spain
Artificial Intelligence In Spain: Spain faces a serious delay in relation to artificial intelligence and robotics, technologies which need urgent development in Spain. Such development needs adaptation in basically two fields: financing and legislation. Between 2009 and 2015, the investment destined to R&D&I was reduced by half in Spain, to the extent that Spain in innovation rankings was placed alongside countries like Croatia, Poland, Latvia, Hungary, Greece, Slovakia, Cyprus, Italy, Malta, Lithuania, Estonia, Portugal and the Czech Republic, with only one group below that, which included Bulgaria and Romania. In the ranking, Spain places 17th out of 28, well below its economic weight. As for legislation, even being within the legal framework of the European Union, where studies for new positions have been ongoing since the beginning of 2017, Spain is far behind, as these initiatives are basic and influential in terms of financing.
AI Strategy for Spain
This strategy was written by the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, 2019 and the Artificial Intelligence Task Force.
The strategy lists six priorities:
• Priority 1 Towards an organizational structure that allows the development of an RDI System in AI and the assessment of its impact.
• Priority 2 Establish strategic areas where to develop RDI activities in AI. • Priority 3 Define and develop actions that allow the transfer of knowledge.
• Priority 4 Develop a system to promote cross — disciplinary and vocational training in Artificial Intelligence.
• Priority 5 Develop a digital data ecosystem and enhance infrastructures • Priority 6 Analyze the ethics of AI from the perspective of RDI.
The economic and social potential of AI is a central issue in the discussion of its possible impacts. Some studies predict that IA could add about 14 trillion Euros to the global economy by 2030 and double economic growth rates by 2035
This is described more in detail in the report. They proceed to describe the ecosystem: Our country has a solid RDI system that is enabling the creation of a science and technology — based ecosystem for AI and that still has a wide margin for growth. There is apparently still less money invested in startups focused on AI in Spain as opposed to other countries such as France, Germany or the UK. The European AI Landscape mentions Leonardo Torres Quevedo as an important historical figure in Spain in terms of development of AI with his demonstration of chess automation in 1912. Further they tell of how the community in Spain has developed. Specific indicators are being established and the Government AI readiness index is mentioned. There is a detailed description of financing mechanisms with estimation of actions.
It mentions the importance of sharing responsibility with public administration in improving mechanisms and increasing the effectiveness of the instruments currently in force. They list characteristics of articulation mechanisms and financing instruments:
Instruments incrementing the investment of the national and international private sector.
Maintaining open — access data, results, publications and codes.
Co — responsibility of the Public Administrations in the development of the priorities established in the Strategy.
Mechanisms that allow the implementation and use of AI technologies in the different priority sectors
Mechanisms for improving existing instruments and access to funding
Within the second priority they list different strategic areas:
As well as a list of the most relevant technologies within these areas:
Regulations/ government intervention
Spain does not have any specific laws relating to AI, big data or machine learning, nor is the Spanish legislator considering specific laws. But as machines are increasingly likely to replace positions occupied by humans and new technologies
are turning to the spheres of robotics, which may prompt calls for the improvement of regulation, and faced with the avalanche of applications of artificial intelligence, the European Union has already made proposals for laws to frame the various controversies that may occur. Besides that, they have already mentioned the Spanish strategy paper above.
Funding for the top AI in Spain is somewhere between Russia and Germany. Numbers might be less than expected for the 15th largest GDP producer in the world, but the startups boast of impressive global corporations as reference clients, and most have expanded internationally since being founded. Further economic consolidation and joining the pan- European AI strategy will attract more VC interest for Spain in the near term.
https://sciencebusiness.net/news-byte/spain-launches-ai-capabilities-map https://medium.com/dataseries/towards-a-national-ai-strategy-for-spain-a85ef518fdb8 https://clutch.co/es/developers/artificial-intelligence
Artificial Intelligence In Spain